Hurricane Aerosol and Microphysics Program (HAMP) Chair: William R. Cotton, Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO
10:15 AM 2C.1 The Hurricane Aerosol and Microphysics Program (HAMP): A HAMP Contribution Recorded presentation Joe Golden, Golden Research & Consulting, Boulder, CO; and W. L. Woodley 10:30 AM 2C.2 Simulation of a landfalling hurricane using spectral bin microphysical model: effects of aerosols on hurricane intensity (the HAMP contribution) Recorded presentation Alexander P. Khain, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel; and B. Lynn and J. Dudhia 10:45 AM 2C.3 Effects of aerosols on the Tropical Cyclone genesis as seen from simulations using spectral bin microphysics model (the HAMP contribution) Recorded presentation Barry Lynn, Weather It Is, LTD, Efrat, Israel; and A. P. Khain 11:00 AM 2C.4 Spray microphysics and effects on surface fluxes as seen from simulations using a Lagrangian model with spectral bin microphysics Recorded presentation Jacob Shpund, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel 11:15 AM 2C.5 Can aerosols explain hurricane prediction errors? Michal Clavner, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel; and D. Rosenfeld 11:30 AM 2C.6 Mechanisms of lightning formation in deep maritime clouds and hurricanes (The HAMP contribution) Recorded presentation Nir Benmoshe, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel; and A. Khain, A. Pokrovsky, and V. Phillips 11:45 AM 2C.7 Feasibility study of the modification of the intensity of tropical cyclones by seeding CCN with an aircraft : A HAMP Project Recorded presentation Gustavo G. Carrio, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO; and W. R. Cotton
How the bankers "support the troops" that are doing their bidding over seas... While questioning Professor Elizabeth Warren during a recent Oversight Committee hearing, Congressman Tierney highlighted servicemembers' personal stories about big banks trying to take their homes while they served overseas.
Evidence from suspected mass grave of children at Anglican Mohawk school, Brantford, Canada, and testimony of school survivor Del Riley. Contact The International Tribunal into Crimes of Church and State at www.itccs.org , firstname.lastname@example.org
The authority to judge what are the powers of the government, and what the liberties of the people, must necessarily be vested in one or the other of the parties themselves—the government, or the people; because there is no third party to whom it can be entrusted. -Lysander Spooner, “Trial By Jury,” 1852
Supporters of liberty often get confused over the path towards advancing liberty. Indeed, entire seminars, conferences, meetings, and discussions are devoted to this sole topic, “How do we free the world?” This is as grandiose a question as it seems; bringing about a free society is a long, tiresome path that may take one’s entire life to carry through. For others, the difficulty bringing about a free society is lack of specialization. If one’s career is not set in a liberty-oriented path, such as being a lecturer for the Institute for Humane Studies or the Foundation for Economic Education, or being an attorney for the Institute for Justice, then it may seem disheartening when trying to find avenues advancing personal, social, and economic liberty. However, this is not to say that the common individual cannot make a profound impact in the lives of others and work towards the destruction of dangerous and tyrannical social institutions at the same time.
Trial by jury may hold the key for unlocking a powerful check on the limits of government. In the United States, and many other common law nations, jurors possess the power to judge both the matters of fact (i.e., whether or not the defendant broke the law) and the matters of law (i.e., whether or not breaking the law in question is worthy of punishment). In other words, jurors may decide to find a defendant “not guilty” even though they may very well find the defendant to be guilty of committing the crime in question. The purpose of such a declaration is to rebel against a law which the jury believes is unjust. This action not only sends a message to government officials, legislators and judicial figures alike, but it also has the profound impact of saving the future wellbeing of the defendant, who may be guilty of committing a crime, but the law which was broken was an unjust law to start with.
What is unique about this check on government is that it is derived directly from the populace and not through the legislature. Jury nullification allows citizens to walk the careful line between populism and legislative tyranny. While long-term legislative reform may be necessary for the long-term shift towards a free society, reform is a slow and arduous process and may fall victim to perversions. As insights into public choice theory and democratic research shows legislatures are fallible and capable of creating unjust laws in order to appease special interest groups or out of pure ignorance (see Tony Cotzias’ post “Anyone Still For Democracy?”). Jury nullification obviates the obstructive and often slow hand of reform and works as a short-term cure for a larger ill. Similarly, unlike legislative reform, which often requires that one is a political insider, and unlike judicial reform, which requires similar specialization, jury nullification is carried out by the average citizens that make up a jury of one’s peers. This is not only true in theory but also in practice. Nullifying juries have been made up of blue-collar workers and white-collar businessmen alike, and rarely, if ever, include experts in common law. Jury nullification truly is the common man’s path around injustice.
Neither is jury nullification a crazed theory of radical libertarians, but has a strong and healthy history of undermining tyrannical government practices in the United States. Chief Justice John Jay recognized this right of jurors in the 1794 case Georgia v. Brailsford, noting that while it is presumed judges are the best judges of law and juries are the best judges of facts, “both objects are within [a jury’s] power of decision … [jurors] have a right to take it upon [themselves] to judge both, and to determine the law as well as the fact in controversy.” This precedent was heavily relied upon for decades by juries across the United States in determining the outcomes of cases.
However, a shift in American jurisprudence came before the 20th century. During the antebellum era, juries with abolitionist leanings would refuse to convict those charged with undermining the Fugitive Slave Laws. Courts, judges and prosecutors alike, began to seek the removal of jurors who were predisposed against the government’s case. Furthermore, judges would refuse to inform juries of their rights to judge the law. Slowly but surely, jury nullification became a rare and radical practice across the Union. Trials transformed from trial by jury to trial by government.
It is this transformation that constitutional lawyer Lysander Spooner warns against in his 1852 essay “Trial By Jury.” Spooner decries the possibility that without the power to judge matters of law and fact, juries will only become extensions of the state, only used to prop up the facade of impartiality. This power of juries, this “palladium of liberty,” must not be hidden away by the benefactors of the state. Spooner envisions the jury as the best manifestation of the concept of consent of the governed. The powerful right and duty of the jury to determine matters of law is the greatest bastion against the infringement of liberty by the state.
A modern case of judges withholding facts and legal instructions from jurors in order to further an agenda isthe case of Brian Aitken. Aitken’s only mistake in the course of the case was believing that judges ought to act impartially and give juries the correct instructions. Sadly, Aitken’s case is not even an example of a judge keeping nullification instructions from jurors, but simply a case of a judge doing exactly what Spooner decried: making the jury an extension of the state by deceit and dishonesty.
Despite cases like Aikten’s, trial by jury has made reappearances since the Civil War, but only in the most controversial of scenarios. Prohibition-era juries picked up on the practice and nullified up to sixty percent of cases. New Hampshire juries have acquitted several individuals in marijuana prohibition cases (most recently and famously in the case of Doug Darrell here). Still yet, others have considered jury nullification in cases of raw milk prohibition.
Juries have profound power in our common law legal system, but the state has a long history of attempting to hide this power. Only through learning of this power can it become a reality. When this power is unleashed, juries really are the “palladium of liberty.”
The nation's largest electronic mortgage-tracking system cannot foreclose on a homeowner in Washington state, the state's highest court ruled Thursday.
In a unanimous opinion, the Washington Supreme Court said that Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems (MERS) can't begin a foreclosure itself because it doesn't hold the note the homeowner signed with the lender. The ruling means banks or other noteholders will have to initiate foreclosures instead of relying on MERS.
Observers said the opinion could have a broader impact on other court cases alleging wrongful foreclosures in Washington. The ruling also leaves the door open for those who were wrongfully foreclosed to claim damages under state consumer-protection law — but it doesn't mean those homeowners in default are off the hook from paying their loans.
"They gave clarity to lawyers," said Fred Corbit, senior attorney in King County for the Northwest Justice Project and adjunct law professor at Seattle University.
"Will this make the foreclosure process a little more expensive? Not much," he said. "It's just they can't take this shortcut."
One of the two King County plaintiffs involved in Thursday's ruling, Kristin Bain, bought a home in Tukwila in 2007. After Bain fell behind on payments, MERS asked a trustee to start a foreclosure on behalf of now-defunct IndyMac Bank, and local consumer attorney Melissa Huelsman filed suit to stop an auction of Bain's home.
The case was later transferred to federal court, which asked the state's high court to interpret the state law.
The state Supreme Court didn't rule on whether Bain and the other plaintiff, Kevin Selkowitz, will avoid foreclosure; the federal court will rule on their cases.
MERS was created during the late 1990s when the buying and selling of mortgages became a big business for Wall Street — much like the electronic buying and selling of stocks and bonds.
Before MERS, every time an investor sold a mortgage loan to another investor, documents had to be filed in the county where the property was located.
The MERS system avoided that paperwork and saved the mortgage-finance industry millions in county recording fees, but the company that runs the massive database doesn't actually keep the loan documents; the loan servicers do, and MERS has argued in courts around the country that that is sufficient.
From 1999 to 2011, MERS initiated at least 900 foreclosures in King County on behalf of banks, according to county records. The court said MERS has the right to represent a bank, but failed to do this in the two cases because it couldn't identify the actual noteholders.
There's the "nub" of the larger problem with MERS, the justices wrote:
"Under the MERS system, questions of authority and accountability arise, and determining who has authority to negotiate loan modifications and who is accountable for misrepresentation and fraud becomes extraordinarily difficult."
MERSCORP Holdings, the Virginia-based private company that runs MERS, minimized the ruling's significance, saying it had stopped initiating foreclosures in its own name more than a year ago.
"The opinion will, however, create confusion for Washington homeowners while the trial courts consider its effect on pending cases," said Janis Smith, a spokeswoman for MERSCORP, in a statement. "We remain confident that MERS' role in the U.S. housing-finance system is valid and will withstand legal challenges."
Huelsman and Corbit both said the state Supreme Court ruling should dispel confusion rather than create it.
Federal courts in some other foreclosure cases have ruled MERS can start foreclosure proceedings as an agent for the noteholder, but those rulings apply in states with different deed-of-trust statutes.
"This clearly says you have to be the noteholder, and it doesn't just apply to MERS," Huelsman said.
And if a foreclosure is brought in the name of a bank and that bank doesn't hold the note, the ruling suggests that the bank could be sued for damages under state consumer-protection law, she said.
Attorney General Rob McKenna's office, which filed a brief in support of Bain, hailed Thursday's ruling.
"We believe this will promote honesty in the foreclosure process," said spokeswoman Janelle Guthrie. "Homeowners will be able to know, without a doubt and without having to dig through land records or legal files, exactly who claims to have the right to foreclose on their home."
The Washington Bankers Association, which filed a brief supporting MERS, had no immediate comment on the ruling.
Douglas Davies, the local attorney who represented MERS, said the court imposed "the literal language of a dated statute," reaching a decision that didn't benefit either borrowers or lenders.
"The Supreme Court has created a chaotic situation and essentially left it to a taxed legislature to come up with a solution," Davies said in an e-mail late Thursday. "The only certainty that will come from this decision is a plethora of lawsuits that will overburden an already burden[ed] judicial system."
I include some time lapse of the storms that developed over the Sangre de Cristo's Saturday 29 September 2012 as they were just a fragment of the activity on the edge of a large moisture plume that moved northward from Mexico during these past few days.
Intense chemtrailing off the Coast of Oregon, over Georgia and a large portion of the Southern US is seen in the high resolution visible and the water vapor imagery during the course of this day.
There were not a lot of planes or chemtrail flights to photograph, so I mostly look at what's going on elsewhere in the States.
Scientists of a Swiss institute say they have evidence that former Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat may have been poisoned with polonium. According to the findings of laboratory research conducted at the Institute de Radiophysique in Lausanne, Switzerland, Arafat was poisoned by polonium, a rare, highly radioactive element, al-Jazeera reported on Tuesday. "I can confirm that we measured an unexplained, elevated amount of unsupported polonium-210 in the belongings of Mr. Arafat that contained stains of biological fluids," said Dr. Francois Bochud, the director of the institute.
Bochud stated that the tests focused on biological samples taken from his belongings, which were given to his wife Suha Arafat by the hospital in Paris where he died. "If (Suha Arafat) really wants to know what happened to her husband (we need) to find a sample -- I mean, an exhumation... should provide us with a sample that should have a very high quantity of polonium if he was poisoned," he added. Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) leader Yasser Arafat died on November 11, 2004, following several weeks of medical treatment. At the time, French officials refused to reveal the exact cause of his death on grounds of privacy laws, fueling rumors that the Mossad had poisoned him with thallium, another radioactive element.
If you've been paying attention, you know that the American media act as presstitutes for rich and powerful Americans.
But it turns out that the American media will turn "tricks" for foreign johns as well ...
Specifically, three time Emmy award winning reporter Amber Lyon was until very recently a respected CNN reporter:
Lyon was fired from CNN after she refused to stop reporting on her first-hand experience of the systematic torture and murder of peaceful protesters by the government of Bahrain.
Lyon's special report on Bahrain was scheduled to run on both CNN's U.S. and international networks, but was pulled after only a limited showing due to pressure from the Bahrainis and their lobbyists.
At the same time that Lyon was risking her life to do on-the-ground reporting in Bahrain, another CNN journalist was filming a paid propaganda piece on how the Bahraini leaders are a bunch of friendly pro-democracy reformers.
That's right ... the Bahraini government paid CNN to do what was literally an infomercial for that brutal regime and pretend it was real journalism.
Lyon says that China and many other foreign, authoritarian regimes also pay CNN and other mainstream networks to run flattering propaganda pieces.
Hans Fritz Scholl, Sophia Magdalena Scholl, Christof Hermann Probst, Professor Kurt Huber, and Alex Schmorell ... "The world's dead implore us! Rise up, my people, the fiery beacons beckon!" ... "Do not forget the minor scoundrels of this system. Note their names, so that no one may escape... We shall not be silent- we are your bad conscience. The white rose will not leave you in peace!"
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